A report by the General Inspectorate, submitted to Jean-Michel Blanquer in 2021 but never disclosed so far, highlights the shortcomings of the National Education regarding sex education in school. In particular, some teachers in the Centre-Val de Loire deplore the lack of training.
Are teachers adequately trained in sex education in the classroom? The answer is not unanimous. A report from the General Inspectorate mentions the ministry’s shortcomings in this regard. This report, entitled “Sex Education in Schools” and submitted in 2021 to the former Minister of National Education Jean-Michel Blanquer, was only unveiled on Tuesday 20 September by our colleagues at Mediapart.
According to this report, although the 2001 Aubry Act provides for three sex education sessions per year, only less than 15% of students benefit from them during the primary and secondary school year, and less than 20% in college. Last February, the collective #NousToutes already denounced a lack of sex education in school, following a survey of more than 10 000 people.
A damning report, but the issue of which is a real subject of question on the ground, as in Centre-Val de Loire. “This is a difficult, delicate subject. This is a real problem, mainly because it depends on the area we work inexplains Paul Agard, the department secretary of the Snuipp-FSU of Indre-et-Loire.
This first grade teacher believes that teachers lack an education to provide this education in sexuality.
Some colleagues do it, others don’t, depending on their sensitivity to the subject, but we lack the keys to tackle it in the classroom.Paul Agard, departmental secretary of the Snuipp-FSU of Indre-et-Loire.
However, the keys exist according to the Rectorate. Doctor Sylvie Angel, medical adviser to the Rectorate of Orléans-Tours, has been operating a system of sex education for several years now. If the implementation of three sessions per year and per age group is not necessarily respected, the medical advisor has set up training courses for the location team. “We are five academic trainers and train teachers and other volunteers such as nurses or social workersshe explains.
Today we no longer approach sexuality as a risk and disease factor, but in a much more positive way.Sylvie Angel, medical advisor to the Rectorate of Orléans-Tours
The training, which is given annually to the volunteers, lasts three days. It offers these teachers, who are always trained in pairs, facility techniques and ways to think beyond their limits. “The idea is to rely on all the time we’ve had with the youth — in class, on their sickbay visit, or otherwise — to be as close as possible to their needs.‘ Sylvie Angel slips out.
We offer a kind of toolbox to help young people make their own choices.Sylvie Angel, medical advisor to the Rectorate of Orléans-Tours
Sex education is treated in various forms, the medical advisor notes: the psycho-affective concept, the relationship with others, the prevention of violence and intimidation, but also the issue of intimacy and gender equality. “We naturally adapt to the age and without touching the group of children or adolescents that we have in front of ussays Dr Sylvie Angel.
Though he considers himself ill-educated, Paul Agard still believes that sex education should be done in schools. “If the school doesn’t do it, who will? It is a real choice of society that needs to be strengthened“, he says.
An opinion shared by Elise Cherfix, responsible for supervising primary school teachers for Sgen-CFDT Orléans-Tours. “It’s not just in school, there’s the family atmosphere, but some families are more humble than others.“, she notes. The teacher also emphasizes the need for students to see their teacher as a referent and serious person on the subject.
At this age, sex education is important because the body changes. It’s important to explain.Elise Cherfix, from Sgen-CFDT Orleans-Tours
These two teachers find it important to also involve specialized structures and people in the subject. “Sometimes we have school doctors or nurses, this allows us to have a complementary approach“, emphasizes Paul Agard.
Elise Cherfix, she sees the opportunity for students to have resources on the subject at home. This member of the Sgen-CFDT Orléans-Tours mainly thinks of specialized associations, such as Family Planning.
Family planning also intervenes in several institutions during the school year. Mainly in colleges, for classes of 3e, with regard to the Orléans site. An intervention supporting the Life and Earth Sciences (SVT) program in 4 . completese on breeding.
“We have a different approach, taking two hours of class to explain how Planning works“explains Vincent Raynaud, animator at Family Planning in Orléans. He adds: “The idea is also that young people know who to turn to in case of an emergency, for contraception or for a pregnancy test, etc.“
We are in a process of popular education.Vincent Raynaud, animator at Family Planning in Orléans
According to the facilitator, the aim of family planning is also to address gender issues and give young people keys and elements of analysis. “We want to encourage them to take a critical look at the impact of the choices we make.Vincent Raynaud specifies.
During these hours of intervention in the classroom, the girls dare to tell more about what they experience on the street, in the courtyard. They feel confident.Vincent Raynaud, animator at Family Planning in Orléans
And beyond associations, children and teenagers also have resources in the media and on social networks, such as the blog and the program “Sexy Soucis” by Diane Saint-Réquier available on the FranceTV platform, or the Instagram account “yemenbatsleclito” hosted by Camille Aumont Carnel, who also wrote a sex education guide for adolescents.