Vannes schools have more children than last year. WHERE
But they are not back to 2018 levels. That year, Vannes had 5,294 school children. In 2020, that number dropped below 5,000. This year, according to provisional figures, there are 5,011. In this new school year, three classes are closed in three public schools in the city: Calmette, Tohannic, Sévigné. They lost thirty, ten and seven students respectively. In total, according to preliminary data, public schools nevertheless registered 28 more enrollments than in 2021. Figures boosted by the registration of one hundred young Ukrainians. At the same time, private schools lost 18 students. The private sector without a contract is now growing, although the final figures are not yet known.
The students of Vannes schools are Vannetais. That’s true, but not that…
According to the deliberation of the city council of 13 December 2021, 245 children educated in the private schools of Vannes are not Vannetais. At the Saint-Patern school, the director explains that only 65% of the children trained in his establishment live in Vannes. “Due to our geographical location on the outskirts, we have many students from neighboring municipalities. Parents who work in Vannes drop off their children on their way to work”. Thus small Sinagots, Theixois and some Avenians and Treffléanais are trained in Saint-Patern. Geographical origin permitted by the private sector in public school enrollment is determined by sectorisation.
Public-private: 50-50. Fake
In the department, the ratio is about 48% of students in the private sector against 52% in the public sector. In Vannes, 53% of the registered children attend a Catholic school with a contract, 41.5%? at a public school? The others are divided between non-contract schools and Diwan. “We have always had a stronger presence in Vannes than elsewhere,” recalls Armel Gillet, head of the schools of the diocesan directorate of Morbihan. It is due to history, with very strong belief here. Religious congregations and parishes have always been active here and have developed their network of schools.” A strong point of the network that allows private schools to offer affordable prices: about 22 to 28 € per month, depending on the institution. “I raised my daughter privately when I came from Paris, I didn’t think it was that cheap,” says a new Vannetaise.
The city finances the private sector more than elsewhere. Wrong… But
The 1959 Debré law obliges the municipalities to finance “the operating costs of the classes” in equal shares. For example, every year the municipal council votes on the municipal share that is allocated to each child of the municipality who is educated in the public and private sector.
Since 2019, the Blanquer law, “for a school of trust”, now obliges municipalities to fund the students trained in private and public kindergartens in the same way. Vannes has been using this principle since 1996. According to the French network of educational cities, a third of French municipalities had done the same before 2019.
For 2022, the municipality will therefore pay €1,410.85 per Vannes pupil for kindergartens and €380.59 per pupil for primary schools.
The “Paris” go private. Right and wrong
At the start of the 2021 school year, the Sainte-Jeanne-d’Arc school in particular had noticed an influx of Parisian families. But these newcomers are distributed among the schools. A director of a public school also welcomes families “from the Paris region”. “They find in Breton public schools what they were looking for in private schools in Paris: small establishments”. At the Sévigné school, Carine Thions, who arrived with her two daughters in CE1 and CM1 from Fontainebleau, confirms: “There were an average of 30 per class. This caused nervousness, fatigue in our daughters. We appreciate that we have found a small school here with smaller numbers.”
Access to schools is also a selection criterion. WHERE
Because everyday life is sometimes timed, parents also choose their school based on their accessibility. It is also an argument for outside parents, according to David Thomas, director of Saint-Patern. Conversely, the small Pape-Carpentier school, located on Boulevard de la Paix without the possibility of parking, has also seen children go elsewhere for the same reasons. “I have families leaving school because of difficulties going to school, confirms the principal, Carole Balavoine. Some choose to send their children to school in Beaupré-Lalande, where they can be dropped off by car. They are in favor of practicalities, I understand that.”