True to a tradition of blackmail used in the defense of certain interests, the leaders of the Coordination of the Movements of Azawad (CMA) have again been discussed on the sidelines of the work of the 6th session of the Agreement Monitoring Committee for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali (CSA). Alghabass Ag Intalla, elected at the head of this controversial coordination since July 17, 2022, has indirectly threatened to take up arms again if the government does not act in their best interests. And curiously, no one responded to this undisguised threat as authorities made major decisions in favor of the ex-combatants.
“If the government of Mali no longer wants the peace agreement and thinks there is something better than this agreement, let us say it very clearly. For our part, we are ready to surrender to the exercise he would have chosen…! A statement attributed to Alghabass Ag Intalla, the current chairman of the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA) in the margins of the 6th high-level session of the Monitoring Committee of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali (CSA) which was held in September Bamako was held on 2, 2022.
Otherwise, they are ready for peace or war, depending on the satisfaction of their demands at the expense of the nation. Alghabass Ag Intalla therefore does not implicitly exclude that he will take up arms again to satisfy his fatal desires. A fear that Malians are no longer afraid of. And this mainly for two essential reasons. First, because the average Malian is no longer fooled by the doubles of those responsible for ex-combatants who never really laid down their arms. Second, the uprising has become a matter for this handful of Kidalois who bask in the luxury of the capital, while the populations in whose name they claim to fight often brood.
Sacrifices always minimized by the leaders of the former uprising
Despite the efforts of the government and the concessions made by the latter during the decision-making level meeting in Bamako from 1 to 5 August 2022, Alghabass Ag Intalla and the company continue to doubt its good faith.
The government does not want the RPA, but has admitted the integration (in two phases) within the structures of the Malian state, including the Defense and Security Forces (FDS), of 26,000 former combatants; the creation of an ad hoc committee to formulate concrete and realistic proposals for the case-by-case management of the situation of the leaders of the signatory movements, also with regard to the question of the chain of command. And there is talk of assigning a 15% quota to the National School of Administration (ENA), a direct integration.
The country’s authorities do not want this agreement, but are supporting 16 development projects that have already been validated and for which the financing agreement was signed in November 2021 between the Ministry of Economy and Finance and representatives of local authorities. government opposes the implementation of the APR , but the Minister of Reconciliation received on August 18 the representatives of the CMA, the Platform and the Movements of Inclusiveness with the Drafting Committee of the new Constitution.
The list of concessions made to ex-combatants in recent times is not exhaustive. But their leaders are insatiable and take advantage of every major event to perform intimidation and blackmail to put all the assets on their side. It had already started with the signing of the APR. At the last minute, the leaders of the CMA had expressed fanciful grievances. Thus, when the Peace and Reconciliation Agreement in Mali was signed on May 15, 2015 by the government, the Platform and International Mediation, it was not initialed until more than a month later (June 20, 2015) by the former armed groups of the KMA.
For Alghabass Ag Intalla and company, the presence of the Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs (Head of International Mediation in Mali), Mr Ramtane Lamamra, was therefore the perfect opportunity to raise the stakes. In addition, the latter alternated with the former armed groups as a prelude to this 6th high-level session of the CSA. This strategy of intimidation and blackmail is second nature to the leaders of the CMA.
But it is surprising that this attitude was not denounced and condemned by the participants of the 6th high-level session of the Agreement Monitoring Commission (CSA). In any case, this is nowhere mentioned in the final press release we received. Just as we have not seen or heard any condemnation from the government that continues to make concessions at the risk of getting national opinion on its back. The political class also did not take this insult to the Republic.
Ex-fighter or mastermind behind active terrorism?
Blackmail is unbearable on the part of Alghabass Ag Intalla, who will still find it difficult to convince us that it is resolutely committed to peace, reconciliation, unity and social cohesion. A member of the National Assembly of Mali before the January 2012 uprising, he left the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) in favor of Ançar Dine of Iyad Ag Ghali to preach Sharia law and violent extremism.
Considered to be “the political face of Ansar Dine» he represented this terrorist movement during the negotiations at the end of 2012 in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). Azawad (MIA). A few months later, on May 19, 2013, he dissolved the MIA to join the High Council of Unity of Azawad (HCUA), founded by his brother, Mohamed Ag Intalla.
In July 2014, Alghabass Ag Intalla became the Secretary General of the HCUA and led a delegation of 30 people (MNLA, MAA and HCUA) during the negotiations in Algiers leading to the signing of the Peace Agreement and Reconciliation in Mali on 15 May . and June 20, 2015 in Bamako.
Considered a central and controversial figure in the 2012 Tuareg uprising, Alghabass (still Secretary General of the HCUA) took over the rotating presidency of the CMA on July 17, 2022, succeeding Bilal Ag Acherif. We witnessed the same transfer on December 16, 2016. Obviously, these are the two who really control the CMA.
In any case, there are many observers who believe that they are manipulating this coordination to their own advantage and are doing little to promote peace and social cohesion. The close ties between Alghabass Ag Intalla’s HCUA and Iyad Ag Ghani, now the leader of the Support Group for Islam and Muslims (GSIM), are an open secret.
Otherwise, the current president of the CMA likes to fish in troubled waters by navigating shamelessly between those who make peace and those who torpedo it through acts of terrorism. Some believe it was his connections with violent extremists that led his late father, Intalla Ag Attaher (who died on December 18, 2014), to choose not to succeed him as Amenokal des Ifoghas.