Vocational education unites against E Macron project

Tall hostile brothers, the vocational training unions are united against the project of Emmanuel Macron led by Carole Grandjean. In a joint press release, Cgt, Cnt, Se-Unsa, Snalc, Snuep Fsu, Snetaa FO and Sud call on vocational teachers to come together to “prepare necessary mobilizations”.

A large inter-union

“The presidential announcements pose a strong threat to the future of vocational high schools, PLPs and vocational students within the public education system,” write the Cgt, the Snalc, the Snuep Fsu, the Snetaa FO, Sud and the Cnt, i.e. all unions of the professional path, with the exception of the Sgen Cfdt. The novelty is Snetaa FO’s rally for the inter-union, while he had initially judged the meeting with P Ndiaye as “could herald positive developments for the PLP”.

“The outlined roadmap remains vague for the time being: duration of the PFMP (periods of in-company training) increased by 50% in both CAP and Bac pro from the start of the 2023 school year, closure of so-called non-integration of training, training cards that fit in professions that have difficulty recruiting people in sectors that are under tension. direct threat to PLP positions, but also and especially to the emancipatory vocation of vocational education under the school status of students. Our students don’t need more business, but more school, more culture and general education, in short, more school bases,” they say.

The unions invite the PLPs to come together in the institutions “in the widest possible unitary framework” to “discuss a collective response to build and prepare the necessary mobilizations”.

A century ago

In fact, since the beginning of July, the fire has been smoldering and the appointment of Carole Grandjean, Minister of Vocational Training under the dual supervision of National Education and Labor. “Double surveillance is being restored for the first time since 1920,” stresses the Snuep Fsu. For for more than a century, vocational education has left the oversight of Labor and Public Education to move to the side of education.

A swing full of meaning. It signifies the priority given to the training of young people about the labor needs of companies. “For young people, it is an unprecedented renunciation of the educational and emancipatory dimension,” laments the Snuep FSU, which denounces “a narrow and dangerous vision of vocational training”.

E Macron’s project

During the election campaign, E Macron made reform of the professional path his priority. “This is one of the biggest reforms I want to make in the coming years,” he said on March 28. And give details. “Vocational colleges will be more open to learning and local business,” he said on March 17. “We are going to change the logic of training… We are going to plan the skills needs by territorializing them and developing the training offer”. The candidate also announces the doubling of work placement periods, a measure that would reduce the theoretical general and professional training of young people by the same amount. He adds that it is necessary to “place the professional points of sale, the companies at the heart of the project”.

The ingredients of a crisis

Minister of National Education, Pap Ndiaye on this question to Carole Grandjean. However, this one shows a thinly veiled hostility towards the vocational school. In a recent tweet, she explains that “the PLP…one in three high school students graduates” and that “vocational secondary school is not yet fully playing its role of integration into the labor market”.

Accusative comments that seem unfounded. In fact, the secondary vocational school has a diploma admission rate of 68% for the bac pro and 73% for the cap, clearly higher than the apprenticeship (41% and 59%), respectively. The continuation of studies is much higher in LP: 46% against 9% for apprenticeship. The dropout rate is 4 times lower (13% against 40%). It is true that the employment rate 2 years after leaving school is higher for students (73% at baccalaureate level) than for secondary vocational education students (53%), but this also reflects the pre-hiring carried out at the time of the employment contract. (with its many prejudices that are not always brilliant…) while vocational secondary schools welcome everyone.

With this project, E Macron has brought together the elements of a real crisis. A project that jeopardizes the jobs of the PLP, already variable adaptation of the National Education, which socially puts children back a century, pushed by a minister who does not take on gloves.

Francois Jarraud

Exfiltrated vocational education

Will Macron Cross the Rubicon?

Leave a Comment