” I don’t want Kleenex teachers to be trained in four days. Next year I will give my children private. They receive quality supervision and education is no longer sold.
– The teachers are better and more stable in Catholic education. »
Who has not attended this kind of dialogue between mothers of students, alarmed by the catastrophic discourse surrounding the start of the school year and the recruitment crisis among public teachers? Wrong, ladies. Big mistake. For in private contracted education, which certainly also recruits most of its troops through competition, the situation is worse than that of the public.
Who would have believed that? Even in private institutions with elite contracts in large cities, poorly or poorly trained contract teachers are numerically very important. There is 20% in the private second degree, i.e. colleges and high schools, against 9% in the public second degree, according to the Ministry of National Education. And 16% in the first degree [maternelle et école primaire] private against… just 1.4% in the public sector. Looking for teachers from Vannes to Clermont-Ferrand, private institutions regularly advertise everywhere.
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Thus, at the beginning of the 2022 school year, the famous Alsatian school, private and elitist, where Minister Pap Ndiaye enrolled his children, at the end of August was looking for several contract workers in mathematics, technology, documentation, law, also as chief education adviser. A way of working that is widespread throughout the territory. However, no one seems to be affected by it, starting with the parents, who often just don’t know. Unless they are primarily interested in the company of their offspring, potential classmates are on average from a more affluent and more homogeneous social background than in the general public. In the public sector, one in two colleges welcome more than 43.2% of students from disadvantaged backgrounds, while only one in ten private institutions do the same, according to the Department of Evaluation, Foresight and Performance (Depp).
A day of training
For primary school, the explanation is simple: private education doesn’t count, like in public, to play pool.” substitute teachers who, for various reasons, come to replace absent colleagues at short notice. The private sector calls on temporary workers who do not participate in the education competition, who come to compensate for this absence for a contract of one week, one month or more. A simple license or equivalent is sufficient. Barely three days of training and Julie, initially a nurse, is already assigned every Monday and Thursday morning in a Lyon CM2 class and on Friday in CE1 to compensate the part-time teachers.
Some also have a function all year round. This was the case with Lisa last year,” assistant master in CM1 in a highly renowned private school in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. A day of training and, presto, in front of the class. Her only degree was a bachelor’s degree. information communication » and two years of experience in a company as a graphic designer: « I didn’t brag about it to the parents, who seldom know our status anyway. Obviously I managed to cheat even if I discovered the program at the same time as them says the latter. ” Fortunately, this situation does not happen too often, but it is becoming more common. notes Annie Toudic, president of the teachers’ union Snec-CFTC. [Syndicat national de l’enseignement chrétien].
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In secondary school, on the other hand, the practice is commonplace. Some establishments may have up to 50% contract workers with little or no training, obviously with very high turnover from one year to the next. However, Yann Diraison, assistant to the Secretary General of Catholic Education, qualifies and recalls that until 1992, private sector teachers were all recruited without competition. And that a training plan was not really introduced until 2009. In reality, a significant proportion of teachers in the private sector are trained” working “After a permit, undoubtedly a reason for which the current situation does not move them much, especially if they are old. Catholic education rightly states that a majority of contract teachers have several years of teaching experience.
This unfavorable year, 40% of “replacement teachers” are in private secondary education. [contractuels] » for 60% of those recruited through competition. The reason is, of course, partly structural. ” Due to our looser territorial network than in the public sector, we cannot fill certain vacancies with a holder » explains Yann Diraison. When a university in Nancy or Metz needs three hours of Italian, it is impossible to find other branches nearby for ” complete the shift of the teacher and lead to a full-time of eighteen hours per week. These three hours are therefore provided by an “assistant teacher” who has another job elsewhere. These are often students. The phenomenon is very widespread for education in modern languages, music, technology or even life and earth sciences (SVT). In total, this amounts to the equivalent of 2,500 jobs per year.
A third of precarious teachers in Paris
As in the public sector, private education also has difficulty recruiting in certain disciplines and in certain regions. About 2,000 jobs were released this fall that could have been filled by the incumbents. Sure, private matches are almost full, unlike the public, but they are becoming less and less attractive. Fifteen years ago there were seven candidates per position in Catholic education, compared to 2.8 today. And because of the high cost of real estate, the Ile-de-France region, which struggles to recruit teachers, is massively using indentured servants. As many as 30% of teachers in Paris private colleges and secondary schools are precarious and poorly educated, compared to 10% in public institutions in the capital.
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The proportions are similar in the academies of Créteil, Versailles, in the regions of Normandy, Orléans-Tours or Lille ” unattractive “says Yann Diraison. In Guyana, Guadeloupe and Martinique, precarious teachers represent more than 50% of the workforce. Just like in public, Brittany, the South West or the South East, on the other hand, have much less trouble attracting people. All of these indentured servants are clearly not, as in public, people without experience: many have been indentured servants for one, two or three years and have often prepared for the education competitions even when they failed. ” Branch directors are only too happy with these precarious workers, because they can work as they please and never say no when faced with an extra task. If they want to be held the following year, they have an interest in satisfying “, emphasizes Annie Toudic. ” This is not correct. We pamper them because it is not so easy to put them on and keep them » replies Yann Diraison.
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Private education also has a handicap in attracting contract workers: the latter have a lower salary of 400 to 500 euros gross compared to public education, due to a salary scale established in 1977 and blocked since then. They start at 1,500 euros gross, or about 1,200 euros net per month for a full-time job. A misery. ” In some academies, especially in Île-de-France, the heads of public educational institutions no longer hesitate to get our indentured servants into position by dangling them a better salary. We can now speak of an aggressive policy “, notes Yann Diraison.
So why do teachers choose the private sector? A minority has religious beliefs. But those who remain, he said, would especially welcome the support policies of the branches. The profile of students in general more homogeneous socially, more easily than in the public can attract them… And above all, emphasizes Sylvie Boléa, representative of FO in the private sector, teachers can be attracted by this precarious status that allows them to profession before entering the long-term competition: ” Ultimately, in the private sector, if you have a permanent contract, you have the choice of location and you can stay close to home, unlike in the public sector. “. Only certainty, for the State, the economy is obvious in the short term. A pupil enrolled in private education generally costs less than a public pupil.