Three days before the start of the school year, this Thursday, the Paris Academy is taking stock of its schools, colleges and secondary schools. From now on, “the priority goes to kindergartens, to combat social determinism”, explains Christophe Kerrero, Rector of the Academic Region of Ile-de-France. The rectorate wants to develop several innovative projects to develop its pedagogy, at a time when “the school of the Republic can no longer cope,” said Emmanuel Macron.
Special attention is also paid to secondary school classes, where the teacher shortage is particularly noticeable. A thousand indentured servants have been recruited to teach at colleges and secondary schools in Ile-de-France.
At the Paris Academy, the start of the 2022 school year rhymes with innovation. The rectorate has responded to the call from the Minister of Education last Thursday to start innovative projects. For primary school students, the rectorate has the ambition to create ‘the Montessori school of the 21st century’. The “Maternal Cap” project aims to take advantage of the work of researchers working on the plasticity of children’s brains to develop pedagogy. Five institutions in the capital have volunteered to experiment with new educational practices.
In higher education, the rectorate opens up a professional path to excellence. “It’s about showing that it’s a path of possibility, and also a path of excellence,” says Christophe Kerrero. With 380 extra students before the start of the 2022 school year, the vocational route is experiencing renewed appeal.
More social mix in high school
“We cannot be satisfied with every new school year to hear that the Paris academy is the most segregated in France,” explains the rector of the Ile-de-France academic region. In 2020, the social segregation index of Paris high schools was 1.2 times higher than the national average and the school segregation index 4.8 times higher. To remedy this, the academy has implemented the reform of the mission in general and technological second class. “Results in this direction are confirmed,” says Christophe Kerrero.
“We see families asking for secondary schools that they had not previously applied for,” added Claire Mazeron, academic director of the National Education Services (DASEN). Student registrations for the low social position index increased by 87% for Lycée Henri IV and by 72% for Louis Le Grand. The so-called high schools of excellence (in particular Henri IV, Louis le Grand, Voltaire and Paul Valéry) are the prime targets of this reform. The number of scholarship students is also increasing in these secondary schools, now 16.3% at Henri IV and 25.6% at Louis le Grand.
Teaching lacks attractiveness
“The first problem we face when welcoming students with disabilities is to have enough candidates for the position of AESH,” said Antoine Destrès, director of the Paris Academy. The rectorate is struggling with recruiting counselors for students with a disability (AESH). Aware of the profession’s lack of attractiveness, he confirms that “various levers are activated to motivate applications”. In particular, it is being considered to link the activity of the AESH to that of the extracurricular time counselors.
The teacher competition was no longer successful. Amid a teacher shortage, the academy was unable to draw on the supplementary list from the teacher recruitment competition. “The number of candidates was too low, there was no extra list this year,” explains the director of the academy. However, he recalls that no teacher post has been cut while school demographics are declining significantly. At the start of the 2021 school year, the classes had 6,500 fewer students than the year before. This year they will see a further drop of 3,500 students.
More than a thousand contract workers recruited
Last week, Education Minister Pap Ndiaye promised “one teacher for each class” at the beginning of the school year. To fulfill this promise, the Rectorate of Paris has recruited 207 indentured servants for the first degree and a thousand for the secondary. “A third of these people have already taught and received positive feedback from inspectors,” explains Christophe Kerrero. These were assigned to classes. »
For those just hired, a “tailor-made” program has been set up based on their background, he adds. Some will have to make substitutions for long periods, others will be supervised and trained by other teachers. “In some disciplines, we run the risk of running out of teachers during the year,” admits the rector of the academy, citing the topic of eco-management in particular. The rectorate nevertheless wants to reassure and states that the teacher shortage will not be more noticeable than in previous years.