“There will be a teacher for every class in all schools in France, we do what it takes to [cela]” said Pap Ndiaye in early July, the Minister of National Education. The results of the teacher competitions did not necessarily prove him right. Indeed, according to the results of admissions, of the 23,571 vacancies advertised for competition in public education, 19,838 have been filled and 3,482 have been filled in private education, for 3,761 vacancies advertised. In total, more than 4,000 vacancies have not been filled.
The government is making sure that this is just a “cyclical phenomenon” as the recent reform leads candidates to enter the contest in master 2 and not in master 1. But the unions and parents’ associations are concerned.
Ile-de-France academies hit by teacher shortage
Looking at these results in detail, we realize that there is a great disparity in the area. The situations are indeed diverse with 27 out of 30 academies having achieved “satisfactory performance” in the first public level (kindergarten and primary school), although there are still vacancies in certain institutions. The three remaining academies are academies in Île-de-France, where the situation is much more worrying, especially in the academies of Créteil and Versailles.
In Créteil, the main competition and the supplementary competition should make it possible to recruit 900 candidates from the 1,665 vacancies, estimates the ministry, which is counting on contract workers to fill the gap. In the academy of Versailles, 900 candidates were admitted from the 1600 advertised vacancies – 400 contract workers have already renewed their contracts and 600 new contract teachers have been recruited. In the Academy of Paris, 173 candidates were admitted from the 225 vacancies advertised.
Contract workers to tackle the teacher shortage
As for secondary and secondary schools, the coverage ratio reached 83.4% compared to 94.1% in 2021. The lack of teachers mainly affects classics, German, physics-chemistry, mathematics and even modern letters. Faced with this lack of staff, the Ministry of National Education has notably set up “job dating” to find teachers before the start of the school year. The Ministry is counting on these contract workers (contract workers, non-competition holders), who will be more numerous than in previous years. Some will also be paid more. Others have already extended their contracts. In this period of “tension in the labor market”, the ministry wanted to avoid “the difficulties” of last year, with teachers whose contracts end of school year who subsequently found work elsewhere. In this month of August we are therefore assured that all vacancies will be filled.
Problem: These contractors do not have appropriate training. “Teaching is a job. It’s learned. If we only hire contract workers who are trained in a few hours and who are dropped at night for a class whose program they do not know, we cannot guarantee the quality of education,” explains Jean-Paul Delahaye, Honorary Inspector- General of the National Education, in an interview with La Dépêche Another problem: these indentured servants who are not prepared for their missions will give up much earlier during the school year and therefore create lessons with dotted lines for the students in front of them. At the beginning of the school year, there is an adult for each class, but no teacher as the government has promised”, ironically about France Inter Guislaine David, spokesperson for SNUipp -FSU.
The profession of teacher is not attractive
“The loss of attractiveness of the profession is real, because of the indecent salaries and the promised upgrades that didn’t happen. Career beginnings are definitely upgraded but it’s a “hidden misery”, forgive the term! We are currently at 1.1 Smic for a Bac + 5,” historian and teacher Eric Anceau explains in an interview with Figaro. “40 years ago a novice teacher earned the Smic three times, today he starts his career with 1.1 Smic. Remuneration is one of the most important issues in recruitment”, Jean-Paul Delahaye deciphers. Indeed, the structural problem comes from “the pay that is objectively out of order”, Pap Ndiaye estimated of France Inter, who received “a shock of “attractiveness” promises. “We are going to talk to the unions about solid and attractive proposals,” he said, already warning that the “fiscal frameworks [sont] limited”. And when we think about improving the salary of new teachers, the salary of teachers already in office is not the subject of a revaluation reflection for the time being.
But Jean-Paul Delahaye goes further and also explains that “this profession has become difficult: the pressure on the school has never been greater, a lot of knowledge is circulating and it is up to the teachers to harmonize, to organize knowledge that acquiring children elsewhere.There is also a “prof bashing” that does not help attract students to the profession, as they see at the top of the state some officials sometimes say that teachers don’t work enough. Today there is a general atmosphere that means that this profession has been largely delegitimized and devalued, so we cannot be surprised at this discontent of the competition.” Eric Anceau goes in this direction, also pointing out a safety problem: “The teaching profession has become a high physical and psychological risk. The problems of incivility are increasing”. Attacks on teachers are becoming more common.
A consultation about the school will start in September, promised government leader Elisabeth Borne. Once the start of the school year is over.
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