In the oldest town in Tyrol, the agency Carlana Mezzalira Pentimalli completed in 2021 ‘Wunderkammer’, the music school (5,312 m²) in Bressanone (Italy), an institution founded in 1961 and a milestone for the entire region. Costs: € 9.84 million. communicated.
The agency Carlana Mezzalira Pentimalli, based in Treviso, designed from competition to completion (including signage and layout), the new campus that now houses more than 1,000 students.
Located in the north of the city, close to the old core, the project represents the new gateway to the city, the central point of the Priel district, with public facilities such as the municipal swimming pool ‘Acquarena’ and the climbing wall ‘Verticale’.
Hub of underground vehicle flows and pedestrian paths of the north facade of the future square, surrounded on the east by the climbing wall and the municipal swimming pool, the music school guarantees the correct spatial alignment to complete the new urban plan and solve the topographical dilemma and the different height measurements.
From a morphological point of view, the project approaches the historic city with its principles of implantation, in order to respectfully reinterpret the fence archetype. The intervention, which aims to integrate into the urban fabric, is characterized by its compact and recognizable volume, within which an urban void enclosed by a fence is dug.
Located in the western part of the entire intervention, the school is spread over three floors above ground and part of the basement. To reduce the impact on the city skyline, the top floor has been pulled back from the line of the exterior facades, achieving an optical effect that dissolves the perception of the building. The facades are also designed as facade planes, the treatments of which change with respect to the context, to resonate harmoniously with the surrounding buildings.
” One of the idiosyncrasies of the project is the ‘music garden’, a finely decorated open-air space, within the fence and yet outside the school volume, which dissolves the boundary between inside and outside. The ambitious attempt to tame an urban space, hence the name “Wunderkammer” (Chamber of Miracles), referring to the historical period when private collections were opened to the general public. We understood architecture as a community environment accessible to all », explain the architects Michel Carlana, Luca Mezzalira and Curzio Pentimalli.
In direct relation to the garden and the future piazza Priel, the entrance to the school and the large foyer are located on the south side of the building. The administration, located entirely on the ground floor, also looks in the same direction. On the ground, first and second floors there are twenty-nine music rooms. The stairs and the connecting elements, designed as a continuous and choreographic system from the entrance hall, cross all levels of the school.
The rooms and the distribution elements, as well as the large central corridor from which the classrooms depart, are illuminated by a large skylight that, thanks to a system of double heights, allows natural light throughout the volume and are designed as gathering areas, and as waiting, study areas. and meeting rooms for students.
The monumentality of the exterior facades contrasts with a strong search for familiarity within, which draws on the collective memory of the city’s historic sites. The large entrance hall and the distribution areas appear as generous and welcoming living spaces for the city, within which one can orientate oneself thanks to openings and views characterized by upholstery in precious light gray marble.
Built entirely in exposed reinforced concrete, the building, devoid of coating, shows an astonishing resemblance between structure and architecture. The addition of red porphyry aggregates and pigments (3% red and 2.5% black) to the concrete gives the complex a color and texture that blends beautifully with traditional uses and materials.
The only treatment given to the surfaces to make them vibrate with natural light is the manual hammering of the entire building, with the exception of the frames that coincide with the openings and of the courtyard, completely hand hammered with a pattern that is drawn from the typical local style.