to the sources of inspiration of an education praised by Emmanuel Macron

And if the“school of the future” not only had Marseille for “laboratory” † By announcing this Thursday, June 2, during a trip to the city of Marseille to conduct the experiment of a “school of the future”, the head of state, Emmanuel Macron, and his education minister, Pap Ndiaye, have put the spotlight on the fifty or so Marseille schools already involved in the adventure. And especially at the Menpenti school, in the 10e district, where the official delegation came to greet a project centered on mathematics.

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Allowing voluntary schools to innovate by funding their projects (in the fields of science but also culture, environment or languages) is not at this stage the only issue being debated within the educational community, leading to the risk of “tie break” and a “multi-speed school”† The controversy also relates to the idea promoted by the president of the republic of letting the directors choose their team (or at least part) by positions “with special requirements”, as Mr Macron called them this Thursday. A “deep change of model”, are we afraid among teachers, outside union circles, where we denounce? “liberal methods inspired by the business world”.

“Rethinking allocation mechanisms”

However, the idea of ​​a “internal recruitment” is not entirely new. In private education under contract with the state, directors and principals have the right to oversee the composition of their team and greater autonomy in the development of their project. “The school of the future is exactly our model”said a head teacher of a Catholic secondary school in Marseille on Thursday.

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But in the audience? The project has been in the drawers of Rue de Grenelle since the Sarkozy years. From the moment he was director-general of school education together with Minister Luc Chatel, Jean-Michel Blanquer also defended him for priority education. And even implemented on a small scale: in 2011-2012, as part of the Schools, Colleges and Secondary Schools for Ambition, Innovation and Success (Eclair) programme, some 300 colleges and secondary schools were able to open their headquarters. “job description”issuing advice on applications, conducting job interviews… Positions found candidates, many remained vacant.

This didn’t stop Mr Blanquer from including the idea in his programmatic book, The school of tomorrow (Odile Jacob), signed in 2016, one year before his appointment to the Ministry of Education. “We need to rethink the mechanisms of allocation and movement that are one of the biggest obstacles to the transformation of the education system,” argued then, in a chapter on the “teacher career”, the one who was director of Essec. A little later he wrote: “As is the case for private education under contract, the competition may be an authorization to teach, with recruitment being the responsibility of the heads of institutions who would publish calls for applications to meet the needs. † This is in line with the idea of ​​annually offered “profile” positions for recruitment by the rectorates (in European classes, preparatory courses, etc.). Their number has “slightly increased” in ten years, the Court of Auditors wrote in 2017, when it considered the“underused tool”.

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