1984… but in 2022 † recognise formally on different websites without needing a password? Have a identity card digital for all administrative services without the risk of fraud or usurpation? This is probably one of the best challenges technologies of the coming years and certainly one of the juiciest markets of the next decade. On paper, the blockchain makes it quite easy to set up this type of network. But who controls it? For what purposes? Where does our personal data go? Public, private, centralized or decentralizedalready? We are not going to answer all these questions today, but try to identify the problems and prospects.
Identification is the rhythm of our daily life
Try to think about how many times a day you should identify† First there are the public services such as health care, taxes, prefectural services or government aid (Pôle Emploi, CAF, etc.). Then we can almost add the private services indispensable such as banks, insurance companies or mutuals. And we could even supplement with telephony and the Internet, which have become essential in our modern societies.
Finally it’s time to join our Hobbies and to add social networks, the different and varied platforms of buying, selling, video, search, email, game, reading, music, a big part of our lives has become digital. You imagine that challenges † And if a nothing but identifier allowed to manage all that?
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The obvious importance of the government, companies and consumers for the blockchain
In front of’administration, the fight against fraud and in particular identity theft is of course a priority. Hence the importance of a secure issuance system” effects » documents and use them for the various online services. Let us take the direction of India to illustrate the implementation of such a protocol. In the state of Maharashtra, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) has been working on a Caste Certificate for the granting of social benefits. Shubham Gupta, the program overseer, said:
“Web3 takes the concept of democratization to a whole new level, where data and information can not only be openly shareable, but also openly fraud-proof. †
Note that this service works on Polygon and involves more than 1 million people. India worked on this program together with LegiDoca company specialized in digital documents” manipulation clear » for communities and large companies. To wrap up the discussion, now let’s give the floor to another specialist, the one we call ” CryptoMother†
The NFT, this friend who wishes you the best
A former banker, she now runs her own consulting firm and also runs a sports betting site based on the blockchain† A true icon of social networks, Brenda Gentry sheds some light on our topic:
“The idea of blockchain-based digital IDs has been floating around for a while, but has come into the spotlight with the recent NFT boom. (…) Large-scale implementation of digital IDs will take time, but I strongly believe that this is the destination is where the world is going.”
indeed, a NFT unique would protect the user and save time, while the administration and private companies ensure optimal operation. Saving time, personnel and costs, could this system be the solution? panacea †
A specialist in the field, project manager and co-founder of LegiDoc sheds a slightly different light On the question. Neil Martis rather imagine a system in which the users also use the ” owners » of their personal data:
“Self-sovereignty is one of the greatest benefits of blockchain-based digital IDs. (…) It allows users to share partial or selective information with their service providers instead of divulging their full identity.”
The limits of decentralization and the question of the network
But in this case who canauthenticity documents? It is necessary that the judicial authorities have control over theemissions and the management identification numbers? Can you imagine the governance of a country? delegate such a service? And then partner with big companies to share the data and sort of KYC (identification) unique on a planetary scale?
“If issuers do not recognize the validity of blockchain credentials, they cannot be used to take advantage of most public services. This is, in my opinion, the biggest limitation of the system. †
The question therefore remains open, especially since the choices of the network and sound architecture are also problematic. Shubham Gupta specifies that in order to be effective and function properly, it is necessary to gas costs† He adds that scalability and reliability are key factors for the adoption of such technology and recalls, not without irony. † the famous blackouts of certain networks »† So, distributed or centralized ledger? The debate is lively among specialists. Given all these considerations, the solution for Neil Martis is simple.
“Digital identities must be managed and issued by highly decentralized public blockchains that are beyond the control of the state. This is why Bitcoin and Ethereum stand out as the obvious choices in this regard. †
We leave the responsibility for his words to this professional, but it is clear that the question is no longer just technical. Strong choices will have to be made before you enter an ideal world where your identity will be simple QR code† That said, this daydream can also look like a nightmare for defenders of individual freedoms. Some see these technological advancements as a means for companies and governments to control the population. We are clearly a long way from the libertarian aspirations of Satoshi and the original Cypherpunks… And what can we say? central bank digital currencies which will surely be associated with this identity! Big Brother is looking at you…but it’s for your own good!
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