what will change with this device?

After health, Tuesday in Cherbourg (Manche), Emmanuel Macron will travel this Thursday to Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhöne) in the company of Pap Ndiaye, the new Minister of National Education. In particular, the President of the Republic must visit Menpenti School, one of the 59 schools selected under the project school of the future ​launched on September 2, 2021 as part of the plan Marseille in a big way. In this nursery and primary school, the teachers have a math lab to innovative pedagogy.

This is one of the aspects of the Marseille experiment that could be generalized to all 50,000 schools in France if the results are convincing. According to the Élysée, the other component aims to: more freedom and autonomy for education teams to build a fairer and more inclusive school system, working with the associative fabric and the parents of students.

“Give more freedom” to school principals

When the project was launched on September 2, 2021, Emmanuel Macron announced the color: Directors should be able to choose the teaching team. On March 17, during the presidential campaign, he made the point: I want drivers to have the opportunity to challenge profiles and participate in the decision […] This helps to prevent sick leave. If a director wants to carry out an educational project, it is legitimate for him to have a team committed to this project. So I want to give him more freedom.

At this point, the president had to put a little water in his wine. Finally, the directors of the 59 schools selected for the Marseille experiment did not recruit their teaching staff themselves. The latter were selected in April by committees made up of two inspectors, the principal and a school teacher, on the basis of their seniority and not their profile. One hundred and thirty-nine positions were offered; not everything has been filled in yet.

Who are the “bosses” of the schools?

Be that as it may, the laboratory in Marseille is closely monitored by the unions. With a fundamental question: will school principals become real tomorrow? bosses of their establishment, such as the directors of colleges or directors of high schools? It was Gilles de Robien’s idea. In 2007, Nicolas Sarkozy’s Minister of National Education wanted to transform schools into Public Primary Education Institutions (EPLP). The directors would have been the bosses of the board of directors 50 to 60% of the local elected officials, the teachers 30 to 40% and the parents 10 to 20%. Faced with opposition from the unions, the minister withdrew.

Jean-Michel Blanquer came to rue de Grenelle in 2017 and took up the idea of ​​strengthening the power of drivers. He failed to enshrine this reform in law For a school of trust ​adopted in July 2019. But thanks to the Covid crisis, the majority, supported by the right, voted on December 13 on the law of the LREM deputy Cécile Rilhac, who a functional authority to school leaders. But no hierarchical authority over the teaching staff, which remains the prerogative of the national education inspectors. The decrees to specify the missions entrusted to them have still not been published.

Emmanuel Macron and Pap Ndiaye in a “school of the future” in Marseille: what this device changes

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