- Comply with safety and accessibility standards
For buildings accessible to the public, the obligations relating to public buildings – establishments accessible to the public – must be complied with:
– in the field of fire safety, prevention and safeguard measures specific to ensuring the safety of people should be taken,
– with regard to accessibility, access to buildings, especially for people with disabilities, must be guaranteed.
For more information, please refer to the ERP section of the Bpifrance Création website.
- Hygiene and sanitary rules
Any professional who performs a tattoo piercing activity must respect the following rules:
– the material that penetrates the skin barrier or comes into contact with the patient’s skin or mucosa and the direct supports of this material must be either disposable and sterile or sterilized before each use,
– the premises must include a space reserved exclusively for the implementation of these techniques.
Article R1311-4 of the Public Health Code
For more information about hygiene and sanitation rules, see the Decree of 11 March 2009, in particular the appendices.
- Mandatory information and displays
Before any service, the professional must inform his client:
The content of the information to be provided orally to the client includes, depending on the applied technique, the following elements:
– the irreversible nature of tattoos that involve permanent body modification,
– the potentially painful nature of the actions,
– the risk of infection,
– allergic risks, especially in connection with tattoo inks and piercing jewellery,
– the search for contraindications to the gesture associated with the field or ongoing treatments,
– the healing time adapted to the technique used and the risks of scarring,
– the precautions to be taken after performing the techniques, in particular to allow for rapid healing.
Must be visibly displayed on site information on the risks and precautions to be observed after the intervention. This information is available in the appendix to the Decree of 3 December 2008.
The text of this information must also be provided to the customerpossibly supplemented with indications about the care to be performed after the procedure.
Article R1311-12 of the Public Health Code and decree of December 3, 2008
- waste processing
The waste generated must comply with the rules regarding the disposal of waste from healthcare activities with infection risks (separation from other waste, collection in single-use packaging, packaging, marking and labeling of waste, specific procedure for disposal by incineration or disinfection).
articles R1311-5† R1335-1 to R1335-8-1 and R1335-13 and R1335-14 of the public health code
- Tattoo products and piercing bars
A professional should only use tattoo products that comply with the regulations governing cosmetic products and meet the following definition: “any dye or preparation intended, by breaking the skin, to create a mark on the superficial parts of the human body, with the exception products which are medical devices”.
Since January 1, 2014, certain pigments, mentioned in the decree of March 6, 2013, may not be included in the composition of tattoo products.
In addition, the bars used during initial piercing until healing and those used after healing must comply with the nickel regulations.
Articles L513-10-1 and following and R1311-10 of the Public Health Code
It is forbidden to tattoo, permanent make-up or piercing on any minorwithout the written permission a person with parental authority or guardian. Evidence of this consent must be kept for 3 years.
Article R1311-11 of the Public Health Code
- Provisions Specific to Piercing the Pinna and Nostril
This technique can only be performed by professionals who:
– or have declared the activity of a tattoo artist-piercer described in this sheet,
– either fall under the following collective labor agreements:
† national collective labor agreement for the watch and jewelery retail trade,
† national collective labor agreement for jewellery, jewellery, silversmithing and related activities,
– either have a main activity that falls under NAF code 47.77Z “Retail sale of watches and jewelery in specialized stores” or 32.12Z “Manufacture of jewelery and jewelery articles”.
Article R1311-7 of the Public Health Code and the Decree of 29 October 2008
For more information, please refer to the Jeweler’s Jeweler Sheet
- Use EU Reach 2022 compliant color inks
Since January 4, 2022, certain chemical elements (additives and pigments used in the composition of tattoo inks) may no longer be used by professionals. A new European regulation, effective January 4, 2022, prohibits the use of certain colored inks for tattoos.
For more information, see Commission Regulation (EU) 2020/2081 of 14 December 2020 amending Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the registration, evaluation, authorization and restrictions of chemicals (REACH ) for substances in tattoo inks and permanent make-up.
Public Health France offers a guide to the risks associated with the practice of the profession entitled “Health safety, tattooing and piercing, occupational practices at risk”.